Artigo em revista científica Q1
Not “just words”: exposure to homophobic epithets leads to dehumanizing and physical distancing from gay men
Fábio Fasoli (Fasoli, F.); Maria Paola Paladino (Paladino, M. P.); Andrea Carnaghi (Carnaghi, A.); Jolanda Jetten (Jetten, J.); Brock Bastian (Bastian, B.); Paul G. Bain (Bain, P. G.);
Título Revista
European Journal of Social Psychology
Ano
2016
Língua
Inglês
País
Estados Unidos da América
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Abstract/Resumo
We examined whether homophobic epithets (e.g., faggot) function as labels of deviance for homosexuals that contribute to their dehumanization and physical distance. Across two studies, participants were supraliminally (Study 1) and subliminally (Study 2) exposed to a homophobic epithet, a category label, or a generic insult. Participants were then asked to associate human-related and animal-related words to homosexuals and heterosexuals. Results showed that after exposure to a homophobic epithet, compared with a category label or a generic insult, participants associated less human-related words with homosexuals, indicating dehumanization. In Study 2, we also assessed the effect of a homophobic epithet on physical distance from a target group member and found that homophobic epithets led to greater physical distancing of a gay man. These findings indicate that homophobic epithets foster dehumanization and avoidance of gay people, in ways that other insults or labels do not.
Agradecimentos/Acknowledgements
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Palavras-chave
Derogatory labels,Deviance,Dehumanization,Homophobia,Physical distance
  • Psicologia - Ciências Sociais
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Referência de financiamento Entidade Financiadora
UID/PSI/03125/2013 Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia