My House Designer
A Shape Grammar implementation for housing design
Descrição

This research focus on the development of computer implementations for shape grammars that enables to generate customized design alternatives based on specific design languages.

Two different implementations for the design system are under development. One based on shape grammars supplemented with processes detaches shape knowledge from procedural knowledge. The exponential nature of the search space led to the need of employing different effective search paradigms such as genetic algorithms which are used in a second implementation.

The systems under development are based on shape grammars and will allow future owners to acquire houses that fit their needs while simultaneously complying to a language of design. Such a system will enable to deliver design solutions at affordable prices improving satisfaction of clients and their quality of living. The system encodes knowledge on housing design principles (sizes of rooms, types of rooms and there preferable connections) as well as in the timber construction technique that underlies the shape composition principles.

To make the system available for future inhabitants a computer implementation – Alternative Shaper – is being developed so that it could be made available online or at the housing construction company. The design tool will: i) deliver design solutions answering the client’s’ requirements based on a design grammar therefore maintaining a language of design, ii) be feasible to be used by non-designers.

Shaper-GA is a Genetic Algorithm (GA) approach to produce automatic designs for modular houses. A set of architectural design rules defining a language of design is incorporated into the GA fitness function. When possible genetic drift or local convergence might be occurring, the method starts an adaptive mutation rate to overcome fitness stagnation. The GA tool efficiently produces several layout solutions obeying the design rules and further placement constraints.

Parceiros Internos
Centro de Investigação Grupo de Investigação Papel no Projeto Data de Início Data de Fim
ISTAR-IUL -- Parceiro 2015-01-01 2018-12-31
Parceiros Externos
Instituição País Papel no Projeto Data de Início Data de Fim
Warsaw University of Technology (WUT) Polónia Parceiro 2015-01-01 2018-12-31
Equipa de Projeto
Nome Afiliação Papel no Projeto Data de Início Data de Fim
Ana de Almeida ISTAR-IUL [Software Systems Engineering] Investigadora 2016-01-01 2018-12-31
Bruno Miguel Teixeira Taborda ISTAR-IUL [Software Systems Engineering] Assistente de Investigação 2018-09-03 2018-12-31
Filipe Santos ISTAR-IUL [Digital Living Spaces] Investigador 2015-01-01 2018-12-31
Joaquim Lourenço dos Santos Esmerado ISTAR-IUL [Information Systems] Investigador 2017-07-11 2018-12-31
Sara Eloy ISTAR-IUL [Digital Living Spaces] Coordenadora Local 2015-01-01 2018-12-31
Financiamentos do Projeto
Código/Referência Tipo de Financiamento Entidade Financiadora Programa de Financiamento País Valor Financiado (Global) Valor Financiado (Local) Data de Início Data de Fim
CAS/37/POKL Prémio Center For Advanced Studies Warsaw University of Technology Outgoing Scholarship Polónia 1 1 2015-01-01 2018-12-31
Outputs (Publicações)
Ano Tipo de publicação Referência Completa
2018 Artigo em revista científica Santos, F., Kwiecinski, K., de Almeida, A., Eloy, S. & Taborda, B. (2018). Alternative shaper: a model for automatic design generation. Formal Aspects of Computing. 30 (3-4), 333-349
2018 Publicação em atas de evento científico Santos, F., Almeida, A., Taborda, B. & Eloy, S. (2018). Customizing mass housing: a dual computer implementation design strategy based on shape grammars. In Sara Eloy, Manuel Alberto Ferreira, Maria João Oliveira (Ed.), Winter School 2018 ISTAR-IUL Applied Transdisciplinary Research. (pp. 10-11). Lisboa: Information Sciences, Technologies and Architecture Research Center (ISTAR-IUL).
2018 Publicação em atas de evento científico Taborda, B., de Almeida, A., Santos, F., Eloy, S. & Kwiecinski, K. (2018). Shaper-GA: automatic shape generation for modular house design. In 2018 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO 2018. (pp. 937-942). Tokyo: ACM.
2016 Publicação em atas de evento científico Kwiecinski, Krystian, Santos, F., de Almeida, A., Taborda, B. & Eloy, S. (2016). Wood Mass-Customized Housing - A dual computer implementation design strategy. In Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (Ed.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference. (pp. 349-358). Oulu
2016 Comunicação em evento científico Kwiecinski, Krystian, Santos, F., de Almeida, A., Taborda, B. & Eloy, S. (2016). Wood Mass-Customized Housing - A dual computer implementation design strategy. Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference. 2, 349-358
2016 Comunicação em evento científico de Almeida, A., Taborda, B., Santos, F., Kwiecinski, Krystian & Eloy, S. (2016). A genetic algorithm application for automatic layout design of modular residential homes. Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics (SMC). 2774-2778
2015 Artigo em revista científica Santos, F. & Esmerado, J. (2015). A different shape grammar approach for automatic design generation. International Journal of Advances in Computer Science and Its Applications. 5 (1), 90-97
2014 Publicação em atas de evento científico Santos, F. & Esmerado, J. (2014). A Different Shape Grammar Approach for Automatic Design Generation. In Rakesh Kumar (Ed.), Second International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communication and Information Technology, CCIT 2014. (pp. 127-134). Birmingham: IRED.
2014 Comunicação em evento científico Santos, F. & Esmerado, J. (2014). A Different Shape Grammar Approach for Automatic Design Generation. Second International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communication and Information Technology, CCIT 2014. 127-134
Outputs (Outros)
Ano Tipo de Output Nome Descrição Participantes
2018 Outro Evento My House Designer Demo in the event "Ciência 2018". My House Designer aims at the development of computer aided design systems that automatically design house layouts according to the inputs given by the user of the system, namely the inhabitants. We are developing two different computational approaches, both based on shape grammars: A_Shaper (procedural knowledge) and Shaper_GA (Genetic Algorithms). The aim is that both implementations can generate design alternatives for housing layouts that correspond to the need and wishes of inhabitants. With such a system, inhabitants can be part of the design process of their own houses. The design system could be made available online so that future inhabitants could access it, play with it by introducing their needs and then generating housing design solutions. Filipe Santos, Sara Eloy, Bruno Taborda
Ficheiros do projeto

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Com o objetivo de aumentar a investigação direcionada para o cumprimento dos Objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável para 2030 das Nações Unidas, é disponibilizada no Ciência-IUL a possibilidade de associação, quando aplicável, dos projetos científicos aos Objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável. Estes são os Objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável identificados para este projeto. Para uma informação detalhada dos Objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável, clique aqui.

A Shape Grammar implementation for housing design
2015-01-01
2018-12-31