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A publicação pode ser exportada nos seguintes formatos: referência da APA (American Psychological Association), referência do IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers), BibTeX e RIS.

Exportar Referência (APA)
Botelho, M. do C., Calapez, T. & Ramos, M. (2012). The effect of shape: Comparing different presentations of response. In Bulletin of the ISI 58th World Statistics Congress of the International Statistical Institute. (pp. 3908-3913). Dublin: International Statistical Institute.
Exportar Referência (IEEE)
M. D. Botelho et al.,  "The effect of shape: Comparing different presentations of response", in Bulletin of the ISI 58th World Statistics Congr. of the Int. Statistical Institute, Dublin, International Statistical Institute, 2012, pp. 3908-3913
Exportar BibTeX
@inproceedings{botelho2012_1716230317453,
	author = "Botelho, M. do C. and Calapez, T. and Ramos, M.",
	title = "The effect of shape: Comparing different presentations of response",
	booktitle = "Bulletin of the ISI 58th World Statistics Congress of the International Statistical Institute",
	year = "2012",
	editor = "",
	volume = "",
	number = "",
	series = "",
	pages = "3908-3913",
	publisher = "International Statistical Institute",
	address = "Dublin",
	organization = "International Statistical Institute",
	url = "https://2011.isiproceedings.org/"
}
Exportar RIS
TY  - CPAPER
TI  - The effect of shape: Comparing different presentations of response
T2  - Bulletin of the ISI 58th World Statistics Congress of the International Statistical Institute
AU  - Botelho, M. do C.
AU  - Calapez, T.
AU  - Ramos, M.
PY  - 2012
SP  - 3908-3913
CY  - Dublin
UR  - https://2011.isiproceedings.org/
AB  - The aim of this field based work is to study in what measure different presentations of Likert-type items (including “continuous” options, i.e. marking the option on a straight line, with or without middle point and the use of all anchors vs extreme-only labels) induce different behaviours in items or scales distributions.
In different areas of knowledge is necessary to know and explore indicators of attitude or motivation, in order to support the decision. To measure these non-measurable quantities, rating scales have been proposed, which intend to gather the “degree of affection” of an individual on a particular object or value.
Several studies have evaluated and compared the behaviour of different rating scales. Some focus how to treat the items that compose the scales, others where the main goal is to analyse the scales' shape.
As part of a wider project about perceptions of mathematics, four questionnaires were constructed: in the first two (A and B) the statements are evaluated by marking the response on a line segment (Visual Analogue Scale), labelled in the extreme and at the midpoint (A) or only at the extremes (B). In the third (C), Likert-type items with five labelled points are used (completely disagree, disagree, neither agree nor disagree, agree and totally agree), while in D only the extremes are labelled.
We used theoretically-defined summated scales. The responses are compared at a scale level. The performance evaluation was made using location and shape measures, including robust variations.
ER  -