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A publicação pode ser exportada nos seguintes formatos: referência da APA (American Psychological Association), referência do IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers), BibTeX e RIS.

Exportar Referência (APA)
Leite, S., Dias, J., Eloy, S., Freitas, J., Marques, S., Silva Pedro, T....Ourique, L. (2019). Physiological arousal quantifying perception of safe and unsafe virtual environments by older and younger adults. Sensors. 19 (11), 1-19
Exportar Referência (IEEE)
S. Leite et al.,  "Physiological arousal quantifying perception of safe and unsafe virtual environments by older and younger adults", in Sensors, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 1-19, 2019
Exportar BibTeX
@article{leite2019_1660418585209,
	author = "Leite, S. and Dias, J. and Eloy, S. and Freitas, J. and Marques, S. and Silva Pedro, T. and Ourique, L.",
	title = "Physiological arousal quantifying perception of safe and unsafe virtual environments by older and younger adults",
	journal = "Sensors",
	year = "2019",
	volume = "19",
	number = "11",
	doi = "10.3390/s19112447",
	pages = "1-19",
	url = "https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/19/11/2447"
}
Exportar RIS
TY  - JOUR
TI  - Physiological arousal quantifying perception of safe and unsafe virtual environments by older and younger adults
T2  - Sensors
VL  - 19
IS  - 11
AU  - Leite, S.
AU  - Dias, J.
AU  - Eloy, S.
AU  - Freitas, J.
AU  - Marques, S.
AU  - Silva Pedro, T.
AU  - Ourique, L.
PY  - 2019
SP  - 1-19
SN  - 1424-8220
DO  - 10.3390/s19112447
UR  - https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/19/11/2447
AB  - Physiological arousal has been increasingly applied to monitor exploration (or navigation) of a virtual environment (VE), especially when the VE is designed to evoke an anxiety-related response. The present work aims to evaluate human physiological reactions to safe and unsafe VEs. We compared the effect of the presence of handrails in the VE in two different samples, young and older adults, through self-reports and physiological data: Electrodermal activation (EDA) and electrocardiogram (ECG) sensors. After navigation, self-report questionnaires were administered. We found that the VEs evoked a clearly differentiated perception of safety and unsafety demonstrated through self-reports, with older adults being more discriminative in their responses and reporting a higher sense of presence. In terms of physiological data, the effect of handrails did not provoke significant differences in arousal. Safety was better operationalized by discriminating neutral/non-neutral spaces, where the reaction of older adults was more pronounced than young adults. Results serve as a basis for orienting future experiments in the line of VE and applied physiology usage in the architectural spaces design process. This specific work also provided a basis for the development of applications that integrate virtual reality and applied biofeedback, tapping into mobility and ageing.
ER  -