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A publicação pode ser exportada nos seguintes formatos: referência da APA (American Psychological Association), referência do IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers), BibTeX e RIS.

Exportar Referência (APA)
Madureira, Nuno Luis (2021).  The geopolitics of oil transportation in the Middle East. Conference PHd In International Relations.
Exportar Referência (IEEE)
N. L. Fernandes,  " The geopolitics of oil transportation in the Middle East", in Conf. PHd In Int. Relations, LiSBOA, 2021
Exportar BibTeX
@misc{fernandes2021_1652983907438,
	author = "Madureira, Nuno Luis",
	title = " The geopolitics of oil transportation in the Middle East",
	year = "2021",
	howpublished = "Ambos (impresso e digital)",
	url = "https://blog.cei.iscte-iul.pt/18-nov-geopolitics-oil-transportation-middle-east/"
}
Exportar RIS
TY  - CPAPER
TI  -  The geopolitics of oil transportation in the Middle East
T2  - Conference PHd In International Relations
AU  - Madureira, Nuno Luis
PY  - 2021
CY  - LiSBOA
UR  - https://blog.cei.iscte-iul.pt/18-nov-geopolitics-oil-transportation-middle-east/
AB  - Following the discovery of vast oil reserves in the Persian Gulf region, the Middle East became the main hub for the expansion and development of western pipeline technology. Contrary to borderless world described in some globalization accounts, what is observed after 1956 is the creation of hard political borders directly under the oversight of national governments for pipeline deployment with minimal boundary crossings. In the Middle East, this minimal permeability of frontiers entailed fewer risks compared with the uncertainties arising from having to cross several countries: the sovereign state seemed the best container for oil transportation. The concept of re-territorialization is put forward in the conclusion to explain the multi-level changes that took place, entailing shifts in geography, in business structures and in international relations. 
ER  -