Artigo em revista científica Q1
Buffer or amplifier? Longitudinal effects of social support for functional autonomy/dependence on older-adults’ chronic-pain experiences
Marta Osório de Matos (Matos, M.); Sónia F. Bernardes (Bernardes, S. F.); Liesbet Goubert (Gourber, L.); Wim Beyers (Beyers, W. );
Título Revista
Health Psychology
Ano
2017
Língua
Inglês
País
Estados Unidos da América
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Abstract/Resumo
Objective: This longitudinal study aimed to investigate (a) the moderating role of formal social support for functional autonomy versus dependence on the relationship between pain intensity and pain-related disability among older adults with chronic pain and (b) the mediating role of pain-related self-efficacy and pain-related fear in this moderation. Method: One hundred and seventy older adults (Mage = 78.0; SD = 8.7) with chronic musculoskeletal pain participated in a 3-month prospective study, with 3 measurement moments. Participants filled out the Formal Social Support for Autonomy and Dependence in Pain Inventory, the Portuguese versions of the Brief Pain Inventory, the Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, and the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia. Results: Using structural equation modeling, it was found that perceived promotion of autonomy, at Time 1, moderated the relationship between pain intensity (T1) and pain-related disability (T2); this moderation was fully mediated by pain-related self-efficacy (T2). Perceived promotion of dependence was not a significant moderator. Conclusions: These findings highlight the importance of social support for functional autonomy in buffering the impact of pain intensity on older adults’ pain-related disability. Also, they clarify the role of pain-related self-efficacy in this effect. Implications for the development of intervention programs, with formal caregivers, to reduce the impact of chronic pain on older adults’ healthy ageing process, are discussed.
Agradecimentos/Acknowledgements
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Palavras-chave
Chronic pain,Functional autonomy and dependence,Pain-related fear,Pain-related self-efficacy,Social support
  • Medicina Básica - Ciências Médicas
  • Psicologia - Ciências Sociais
Registos de financiamentos
Referência de financiamento Entidade Financiadora
SFRH/BD/79145/2011 Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
UID/PSI/03125/2013 Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia