Diasporas as Agents of Policy Diffusion: An Analytical Framework
IX Congresso da Associação Portuguesa de Ciência Política
Diasporas are increasingly recognized as potentially influential actors in the governance of their countries of origin. So far, much of the literature has focused on their influence on foreign policymaking, both in their homelands and their hostlands (Shain 2007), and on policies that directly affect migrants’s “own legal, economic and political status in their homeland” (Østergaard-Nielsen 2003: 762). In contrast, we know little about whether, how and to what extent diaspora communities abroad have a hand in shaping those domestic policies that do not directly affect their rights as migrants or that don’t relate directly to the foreign relations between their home- and hostlands. To adress this research gap, the paper presents an analytic framework for understanding processes of “diasporic diffusion” based on concepts of “social” (Levitt 1998) and “political” (Ahmadov and Sasse 2015) remittances. It is argued that migrant communities have become important agents of policy diffusion, acting through two distinct pathways. First, they directly feed policy ideas into the Cape Verdean policymaking process. Second, members of the diaspora act as brokers between international policy discourses and domestic politics by lending local credibility and legitimacy to the abstract policy recommendations of international organizations.
Classificação Fields of Science and Technology
- Sociologia - Ciências Sociais
- Ciências Políticas - Ciências Sociais