Capítulo de livro
Hortas Urbanas em Lisboa: da Importância Histórica ao Processo de Formalização Actual.
Teresa Madeira da Silva (Madeira da Silva, Teresa); Marianna Monte (Monte, M.);
Título Livro
Cidade e Espaço / City and Space
Mais Informação
In this paper we present the recent history of urban farms in Lisbon and we identify the instruments that have been employed to control and incorporate them into urban planning. The existence of urban farms in the city of Lisbon is present throughout its history. Since 2009 there is an action of the Lisbon Municipal Council (Câmara Municipal de Lisboa - CML) to create new horticultural parks, or sets of urban farms integrated in defined areas. Such initiatives of the CML come as a response to the precarious conditions and disorganization of the existing urban farms. The need to regularize the urban agriculture and stimulate it, are in the origin of a set of infrastructures to support citizens in Lisbon, as in many other cities. Once this activity the urban agriculture arises, mainly spontaneously and in precarious conditions, driven by economic needs, it takes place in expectant voids or in spaces between the road or rail infrastructure. Through a literature review, we intend to, on one side, determine the features and benefits of urban agriculture, particularly urban farms in the city of Lisbon, and on the other, list the reasons that might justify the promotion of urban agriculture projects and implementation of urban farms. As a conclusion, we can anticipate that the food supply and financial income for citizens can be recognized as benefits of farming in urban areas, among other social, environmental, economic and emotional benefits, which are the reason why state authorities are interested in their regulation and formalization. We also recognize that it is still early to judge the efficiency of public policies to reshape and promote urban farms in Lisbon. However, it can be indicated that the policies that have been applied are top-down, despite the fact that the necessity and feasibility of farms in urban territory are realities identified by the population itself.
Hortas Urbanas,Informalidade,Planeamento Urbano,Lisboa,Agricultura Urbana