Police Authority and Popular Action in Lisbon, c. 1867-1910
International Conference Popular Policing in Europe (18th -20th centuries)
During the constitutional monarchy in Portugal (1834-1910), the State’s affirmation in the field of criminal justice, aiming for the monopoly of its exercise, meant the establishment of legislation that sought to ensure State’s power hegemony over the entire territory and population. Portugal is a country characterized by the macrocephaly of its capital city, Lisbon, and the main concerns regarding the affirmation of State's power in repressing criminality and maintaining public order, was mainly directed to the territory and population of this city. The Law of July 2nd, 1867 ascertain the creation of a civil police force in the city of Lisbon. The functions attributed to the Civil Police of Lisbon, created in line with the Metropolitan Police of London, were crime prevention and the conservation of public safety, order and tranquillity, mainly in the city’s public areas. The action of this police force is coupled with the action of the traditional police authorities and a militarized police force that had been operating in the city of Lisbon since 1834. From its beginning, the action of the Civil Police was the object of strong and continued opposition by the inhabitants of the city. Civilian police guards were often seen by the people of Lisbon as alien and hostile elements, considered the keepers of a set of values and norms different from those shared and considered fair by the population. In this communication, I want to visit this issue, to confront the different conceptions of justice, order and safety that separate the Civil Police from the Lisbon’s population, to observe the dynamics of the relationship between police and population, the affirmation and recognition of the authority of these police forces by the population of Lisbon.
Classificação Fields of Science and Technology
- História e Arqueologia - Humanidades