The sociological meanings of biographical crises
13th Conference of the European Sociological Association "(Un)Making Europe: Capitalism, Solidarities, Subjectivities"
Although social life is largely based on processes of standardisation of action (which make practices more or less predictable) it is not always a result of order and harmony. Situations of disorder, unpredictability and disruption are also part of the existence in society and contribute equally to the configuration of biographical pathways. This is especially relevant taking into account the multiple structural crises that European societies have been facing and that produce effects at the individual level. The main goal of this paper is to discuss theoretical-operative parameters to study biographical crises, i.e., stages of life marked by the disruption of habitual frameworks of action and thought, which have a substantial impact in the lives of individuals. The sociological literature on this topic encompasses the different forms that crises can assume and evidences some conceptual dispersion. The range of notions used to designate crisis situations is quite wide: rupture, disruption, discontinuity, transition, turning point, critical moment, contingency, bifurcation, accident, inflection, trauma, adversity, epiphany, etc. However, the richness of this conceptual lexicon produces some uncertainty as to the meaning of each notion. In this presentation the main contributions from sociology to the study of this topic are mapped, namely by identifying what fits the concept of crisis in the literature. Based on this discussion an analytical model for the empirical study of biographical crises is presented. The model is composed by six different dimensions of analysis: temporal, sequential, contextual, material, subjective and causal.
crise biográfica,percurso de vida,disrupção,imprevisibilidade