Workshop Tamera: an exceptional expertise in the context of the Portuguese University Teaching
0º-45º Wohnen im Alentejo [0º-45º Living in Alentejo Studentische Arbeiten der Technischen Universitat Darmestadt 2012
The Tamera’s teaching experience of the Optional UC – Collective Housing - from the Integrated Master Degree in Architecture (2011-2012), of the Department of Architecture and Urbanism – ISCTE-IUL was with any doubts an exceptional expertise in the context of the Portuguese university teaching. Being a joint venture project between Lisbon University Institute (ISCTE-IUL), the Faculty of Design and the Technology Technische Universitat Darmstadt (TUD) and Tamera Community (Monte do Cerro, Alentejo), the Tamera’s workshop implemented the international and interdisciplinary teams work for both universities . The theme - Collective Housing for Tamera - was a conceptual background for the realization of a project where the main goal was to create a model of collective life to respond adequately to the Tamera’s Community. In the context of intense teamwork, students from ISCTE-IUL (Lisbon) and TUD (Darmstadt) worked together with teachers and community members on collective housing proposals where the desired investigation focus was putted outside the traditional approach. In contrast to transmission of knowledge by the transfer of a set of information and restricted consensual, the investigation tried to create an interpretation and creation area that results on a hub of knowledge dissemination through the development of research methodologies and technical implementation from the students proposals. The Tamera’s experiment was the privileged platform one can considerer from a student point of view to integrate the thinking experience with experience, by designing the dwelling in the place and dialoguing with people. In fact, living inside a community with their stories and experiencing their cultures is the opportunity to see how the world can be plural and global at once, in a sense where multiple and differentiated experiences take place. At the same time, and by field realization, the emerged differentiated ways of living allowed students to make innovative approaches, not from dogmas and certainties presets, or from finished products and spectacular effects resulting from misapplication of technology, but from a questioning investigation and the possibility of intersection between different worlds. The proposals that came out of this workshop assume therefore Tamera’s main ambition of being a peaceful and sustainable place in relation to nature, a local mindset that elects topography, geography and climate as the basis for design concepts. In contrast to a certain anachronism that can often be found in academia, Tamera’s experience enabled us a debate on some actual sustainable issues that one can considered as a European priority as the exploitation of natural resources (water, sun, rain, wind or forest), the conservation of natural landscapes and the development of a integrated community through experimental ecological constructions with adobe, straw and grass.
Architecture, Tamera, Desingning.