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O projeto tem como objetivo descrever a realidade do trabalho dos profissionais envolvidos com a doação de órgãos e os transplantes. Conhecer as demandas de trabalho apresentadas pelas famílias no processo de doação e nos transplantes de órgãos e identificar os instrumentais técnico-operativos utilizados pelos profissionais para viabilizar as demandas do processo de doação e transplantes.
Trata-se de pesquisa descritiva com abordagem qualitativa, que se propõe conhecer os aspectos relacionados ao processo de trabalho dos profissionais que atuam na temática de doação de órgãos, bem como de transplantes em países como o Brasil e em Portugal.
Equipa: Marli Elisa Nascimento Fernandes e Ilka de Fátima Santana Ferreira Boin (UNICAMP); Jorge Manuel Leitão Ferreira (Iscte-IUL)
A sustainable social foundation for human life can only develop in an inherent interdependence with the overall ecological ceiling and regenerative economy. ASTRA paves the way for a radically new approach to tackle the major societal challenges faced with social work. This is done by combining transdisciplinary sustainability transition research, policies and practices in social work. The combination creates a novel scientific domain and establishes new transformative standards of social work doctoral training in Europe. Within this frame, the recruited Early Stage Researchers (ESRs) focus on the challenge of social inclusion of young people in precariousness situations as well as people with a migration background in vulnerable communities. In participatory research with the target groups, social work methods are co-created as steps of the transition towards sustainable and inclusive society. The potential of the following methodic models are investigated: naturebased well-being, environmental justice, circular and solidarity economy, sustainable food policies in vulnerable communities, ecosocial innovations and contributive justice. The practice-research methodology of social work is applied by the ASTRA consortium, which consists of leading European social work academics involved in sustainability transition research and two non-academic research organisations for environmental and economic sustainability. The diversity of the partner organisations working on sustainability transition in practice deepens the transdisciplinary approach. The innovative practice-related solutions and fundamentally new types of research-based knowledge will have a long-term impact not only on social work but on society and science at large. ASTRA offers the ESRs novel career perspectives in transdisciplinary research, cross-sectoral policy-making and new economic models at the local, national and European level.
RE-DWELL (2020-2024) will train a new generation of professionals with the transdisciplinary skills which are needed to address the urgent need of affordable and sustainable housing, a major challenge for European societies. To date, affordability and sustainability of housing have been addressed separately, from various disciplinary perspectives (e.g. architecture and planning, economics, sociology) and realms (e.g. policy-making, sustainable development, urban planning, green building). However, recent research indicate that it is necessary to consider the affordability and the sustainability of housing as complementary and interrelated aspects which need to be addressed with a transdisciplinary approach, by combining academic disciplines and engaging non-academic sectors in a common production of knowledge. Ten academic beneficiaries and twelve non-academic partner organisations will jointly contribute to creating a transdisciplinary research environment which encompasses the various disciplines, sectors and stakeholders involved in the provision of A&S housing. Fifteen ESRs research works will interlink three key areas underpinning affordable and sustainable housing: 1. Design, planning and building; 2. Community participation; and 3. Policy and financing. ESRs trained in this programme will be able to develop a capacity to operate across fields and sectors, to provide innovative solutions to the growing housing problem affecting our societies.
Este projecto visa estimular a economia circular na Construção introduzindo um Sistema de Classificação de Informações sobre Construção optimizado para a Sustentabilidade (CICS) baseado nos princípios da Economia Circular. Este sistema irá ser usado por profissionais do projecto e construção e responsáveis pela gestão e manutenção de edifícios, em Língua Portuguesa, e permitirá unificar a terminologia a todas as escalas, facilitando a comunicação entre activos, selecção de materiais e componentes, bem como uma avaliação precisa dos impactos nos edifícios ao longo do seu ciclo de vida. O objectivo último do projecto é a redução dos resíduos de construção e demolição através da selecção, utilização e gestão de materiais de construção e elementos construtivos com menor impacto ambiental.
Every day a vast amount of misinformation and Fake News are repeated and infinitely shared, reaching millions of people in a short time. The large-scale dissemination of misinformation is one of the major challenges that current societies face, with long-lasting costs to individuals and governments. European Commission’s recent efforts in seeking advice from experts regarding measures to counteract disinformation attest to the urgency of addressing this issue. The fact that people tend to believe in information they repeatedly encounter and to reject claims that contradict what they heard before makes misinformation-correction very difficult. Since most correction strategies entail both a repetition of the false claims and their contradiction, they ironically end up strengthening the validity of the misinformation they attempt to correct. It is thus of the utmost importance to examine the mechanisms that may contribute to the development of effective misinformation-correction actions.