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SYNCLUSIVE é uma abordagem de sistemas inovadores, integrais e interdisciplinares para estimular a inclusão de grupos vulneráveis no mercado de trabalho. Para isso, os seis objetivos centrais são: 1) desenvolver e consolidando uma coalizão de partes interessadas em 4 Living Labs regionais em toda a Europa nos moldes da Comunidade Teoria da Ação de Coalizão, usando a abordagem ENGINE. Esta abordagem inclui um pacote integrado de intervenções que estimulem a mobilidade ascendente e lateral de trabalhadores vulneráveis, criando assim vagas para entrada de candidatos a emprego vulneráveis; 2) testar a utilidade e aplicabilidade da abordagem ENGINE para diferentes grupos vulneráveis identificados como discriminados; 3) identificando impulsionadores e barreiras para mobilidade e influxo incluindo discriminação; 4) avaliar o impacto da abordagem ENGINE implementada sobre a mobilidade no mercado de trabalho e inclusão de grupos vulneráveis; 5) identificando caminhos de transição do regional ao nível da política nacional e da UE; e 6) identificar indicadores e padrões interoperáveis e comparativos que são relevantes para a inclusão no mercado de trabalho de grupos vulneráveis, tendo em conta as necessidades regionais, nacionais (legislativo) e contexto cultural.
Perceived exploitative working relationships are not a problem of a bygone era nor are they confined to developing countries, but rather the current pandemic spotlights how organizations are treating their employees as survival becomes the imperative. At what cost? Maria Grazia Giammarinaro (U.N. special rapporteur) reports that “the abuse of vulnerable workers - such as those deemed as essential - had increased “alarmingly” due to COVID-19, leaving many facing starvation and forced to accept exploitative conditions” (Reuters, July 30, 2020). Moreover, last year, the World Health Organization (WHO) and International Labor Organization (ILO) concluded that long working hours kill hundreds of thousands of people a year from stroke and ischemic heart disease. Combined with the increasing use of new forms of work, outsourcing, technology advancements, less legal regulation, COVID-19 has added fertilizer to ripening conditions for organizations to exploit its employees.
Consequently, this fast-paced and uncertain context coupled with the ongoing COVID-19 situation fuels a conductive environment for organizational mistreatment – organizations acting malevolently towards their employees in order to survive or thrive. One of these forms of organizational mistreatment is organizational exploitation. Drawing on seminal works in political economy and sociology, recent literature defines exploitation as employees' perceptions that they have been purposefully taken advantage of in their relationship with the organization to benefit the organization itself. Specifically, these perceptions of exploitation include: the organization uses and mistreats the employees, forces them into a contract that solely benefits the organization, does not compensate them adequately despite expecting employees to go to work at any time, does not provide job security and can dismiss employee at its convenience, uses employees’ ideas without asking or acknowledging and, does not care if it harms ...
AMR-EDUCare, EduCation on Antimicrobial REsistance for the health workforce, targets the prevention and reduction of antimicrobial resistance (AMR)’s health burden by filling educational gaps on AMR for both clinical and non-clinical health workforce. Southern and Eastern European countries, where the incidence of AMR is highest, are also those where there is a particular deficit in training on AMR prevention. For this reason, the project will target countries in these geographical areas. Through a nimble and relevant educational programme targeting four audiences - doctors, nurses, community pharmacists and health management professionals - the project will equip the health workforce with the necessary knowledge and skills to address AMR in the areas of prescription, waste management and patient empowerment. The training modules developed and delivered will adopt a strong focus on behavioural change and digital health skills for a more resilient and sustainable healthcare sector that improves the patient experience and delivers better health outcomes.
Nepalese Education in E-health - Master (NEEM) targets the shortage of specialists in health information systems in Nepal through establishing two master programmes at Kathmandu University and Pokhara University. Each programme will admit 10 students the first year and expand to 20 over a two years period. The programmes will include a lab where research students will collaborate with the Ministry of Health and other Nepalese organisations on health information systems in Nepal and which be developed into a model for the Provincial Health Information Hubs envisaged by the MoH. The labs will also be used for in-service training of health personnel.
The European partners University of Oslo (UiO) and The University Institute of Lisbon have long experience in working with partners in LMICs and Europe on eHealth. The University of Oslo is also involved in projects for course development with partners in India and Africa, and course material developed in these projects will be used as a basis and adapted for Kathmandu and Pokhara universities.
Eight lecturers from the Nepalese partners will be funded by the project for PhD education; one at UiO and seven at Indian universities which UiO collaborates with in academic projects in the health information systems area. Eight master students will do exchange visits between Nepal and Europe, and scholarships will be awarded to four female master students in Nepal.
Expected impacts are that the master programmes will continue running after project funding ceases, that Kathmandu and Pokhara universities attract collaborative projects in Nepal and internationally, and that master programme graduates gain skills which are useful in their work.
The mission of RefMap is to develop a digital service aimed at quantifying the environmental footprints of air mobility for airliners and unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) at a "multi-scale" level, where single-trajectories (micro) and the flow traffic of multiple vehicles (macro) are optimised to minimise their environmental impact in a wide range of communities. RefMap investigates how the aviation business models will be affected by the availability of environmental data for each type and route of air vehicle, as this will enable stricter evidence-based Green policy making in the sector. This will be achieved via the development of the RefMap analytics platform processing environmental and weather data such as wind, noise, CO2 and non-CO2 emissions for both U-space and ATM. This platform will rely on a number of technical solutions, including numerical simulation, predictive models, and deep-learning methods. The latter will be used to construct accurate non-intrusive prediction frameworks and to optimize the trajectories of the various vehicles given the predicted flow conditions via deep reinforcement learning (DRL). These will enable the development of a new aviation business models aligned with EU’s Green Agenda.