Artigo em revista científica Q1
A global experiment on motivating social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic
T. Nguyen (Nguyen, T.); N. Weinstein (Weinstein, N.); A. Moller (Moller, A.); L. Legault (Legault, L.); Z. Vally (Vally, Z.); Z. Tajchman (Tajchman, Z.); A. N. Zsido (Zsido, A. N); Sara G Alves (Alves, S. A. ); Raquel Oliveira (Oliveira, R.); Rafael R. Ribeiro (Ribeiro, R. R.); Patrícia Arriaga (Arriaga, P.); Ribeiro, M.F.F. (Ribeiro, M. F. F.); Maria Terskova (Terskova, M.); Matej Hruška (Hruška, M.); Marcel Martončik (Martončik, M.); Martine Jansen (Jansen, M.); Martin Voracek (Voracek, M.); Martin Čadek (Čadek, M.); Martha Frias-Armenta (Frias-Armenta, M.); Marta Kowal (Kowal, M.); Psychological Science Accelerator Self-Determination Theory Collaboration (Psychological Science Accelerator Self-Determination Theory Collaboration); et al.
Título Revista
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Ano (publicação definitiva)
2022
Língua
Inglês
País
Estados Unidos da América
Mais Informação
Web of Science®

N.º de citações: 18

(Última verificação: 2024-04-18 16:56)

Ver o registo na Web of Science®


: 0.8
Scopus

N.º de citações: 17

(Última verificação: 2024-04-13 08:14)

Ver o registo na Scopus


: 0.9
Google Scholar

N.º de citações: 50

(Última verificação: 2024-04-18 08:47)

Ver o registo no Google Scholar

Abstract/Resumo
Finding communication strategies that effectively motivate social distancing continues to be a global public health priority during the COVID-19 pandemic. This cross-country, preregistered experiment (n = 25,718 from 89 countries) tested hypotheses concerning generalizable positive and negative outcomes of social distancing messages that promoted personal agency and reflective choices (i.e., an autonomy-supportive message) or were restrictive and shaming (i.e. a controlling message) compared to no message at all. Results partially supported experimental hypotheses in that the controlling message increased controlled motivation (a poorly-internalized form of motivation relying on shame, guilt, and fear of social consequences) relative to no message. On the other hand, the autonomy-supportive message lowered feelings of defiance compared to the controlling message, but the controlling message did not differ from receiving no message at all. Unexpectedly, messages did not influence autonomous motivation (a highly-internalized form of motivation relying on one’s core values) or behavioral intentions. Results supported hypothesized associations between people’s existing autonomous and controlled motivations and self-reported behavioral intentions to engage in social distancing: Controlled motivation was associated with more defiance and less long-term behavioral intentions to engage in social distancing, whereas autonomous motivation was associated with less defiance and more short- and long-term intentions to social distance. Overall, this work highlights the potential harm of using shaming and pressuring language in public health communication, with implications for the current and future global health challenges.
Agradecimentos/Acknowledgements
--
Palavras-chave
Behavior change,Motivation,Health communication,COVID-19,Self-determination theory
  • Psicologia - Ciências Sociais

Com o objetivo de aumentar a investigação direcionada para o cumprimento dos Objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável para 2030 das Nações Unidas, é disponibilizada no Ciência-IUL a possibilidade de associação, quando aplicável, dos artigos científicos aos Objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável. Estes são os Objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável identificados pelo(s) autor(es) para esta publicação. Para uma informação detalhada dos Objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável, clique aqui.