Artigo em revista científica
A Global Experiment on Motivating Social Distancing During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Nicole Legate (Legate; N.); T. Nguyen (Nguyen, T.); N. Weinstein (Weinstein, N.); A. Moller (Moller, A.); L. Legault (Legault, L.); Z. Vally (Vally, Z.); Z. Tajchman (Tajchman, Z.); A. N. Zsido (Zsido, A.N); M. Zrimsek (Miha Zrimsek); Z. Chen (Zhang Chen); Ignazio Ziano (Ignazio Ziano); Zoi Gialitaki (Zoi Gialitaki); Chris D. Ceary (Chris D. Ceary); Yuna Jang (Yuna Jang); Yijun Lin (Yijun Lin); Yoshihiko Kunisato (Yoshihiko Kunisato); Yuki Yamada (Yuki Yamada); Qinyu Xiao (Qinyu Xiao); Xiaoming Jiang (Xiaoming Jiang); Xinkai Du (Xinkai Du); Elvin Yao (Elvin Yao); William S. Ryan (William S. Ryan); John Paul Wilson (John Paul Wilson); Wilson Cyrus-Lai (Wilson Cyrus-Lai); William Jimenez-Leal (William Jimenez-Leal); Wilbert Law (Wilbert Law); Wenceslao Unanue (Wenceslao Unanue); W. Matthew Collins (W. Matthew Collins); Karley L. Richard (Karley L. Richard); Marek Vranka (Marek Vranka); Vladislav Ankushev (Vladislav Ankushev); Vidar Schei (Vidar Schei); Chloe DePaola (Chloe DePaola); Veronika Lerche (Veronika Lerche); Vanja Kovic (Vanja Kovic); Valerija Križanić (Valerija Križanić); Veselina Hristova Kadreva (Veselina Hristova Kadreva); Vera Cubela Adoric (Vera Cubela Adoric); Siu Kit Yeung (Siu Kit Yeung); Widad A. N. M. Hassan (Widad A. N. M. Hassan); Ralph Houston (Ralph Houston); Michael A. Machin (Michael A. Machin); Tiago J. S. Lima (Tiago J. S. Lima); Thomas Ostermann (Thomas Ostermann); Thomas Frizzo (Thomas Frizzo); Therese E. Sverdrup (Therese E. Sverdrup); Thea House (Thea House); Tripat Gill (Tripat Gill); Maksim Fedotov (Maksim Fedotov); Tamar Paltrow (Tamar Paltrow); Teodor Jernsäther (Teodor Jernsäther); Tasnim Rahman (Tasnim Rahman); Tanya Machin (Tanya Machin); Maria Koptjevskaja-Tamm (Maria Koptjevskaja-Tamm); Thomas J. Hostler (Thomas J. Hostler); Tatsunori Ishii (Tatsunori Ishii); Barnabas Szaszi (Barnabas Szaszi); Sylwia Adamus (Sylwia Adamus); Lilian Suter (Lilian Suter); Suparpit M. von Bormann (Suparpit M. von Bormann); Sumaiya Habib (Sumaiya Habib); Anna Studzinska (Anna Studzinska); Dragana Stojanovska (Dragana Stojanovska); Steve M. J. Janssen (Steve M. J. Janssen); Stefan Stieger (Stefan Stieger); Stefan E. Schulenberg (Stefan E. Schulenberg); Srinivasan Tatachari (Srinivasan Tatachari); Soufian Azouaghe (Soufian Azouaghe); Piotr Sorokowski (Piotr Sorokowski); Agnieszka Sorokowska (Agnieszka Sorokowska); Xin Song (Xin Song); Sofie Morbée (Sofie Morbée ); Savannah Lewis (Savannah Lewis); Sladjana Sinkolova (Sladjana Sinkolova); Dmitry Grigoryev (Dmitry Grigoryev); Shira Meir Drexler (Shira Meir Drexler); Shimrit Daches (Shimrit Daches); Shelby L. Levine (Shelby L. Levine); Shawn N. Geniole (Shawn N. Geniole); Shahunur Akter (Shahunur Akter); Selena Vračar (Selena Vračar); Sébastien Massoni (Sébastien Massoni); Sebastiano Costa (Sebastiano Costa); Saša Zorjan (Saša Zorjan); Eylül Sarıoğuz (Eylül Sarıoğuz); Sara Morales Izquierdo (Sara Morales Izquierdo); Sarah Suzette Tshonda (Sarah Suzette Tshonda); Sara G Alves (Alves, S. A. ); Sara Pöntinen (Sara Pöntinen); Sara Alvarez-Solas (Sara Alvarez-Solas); Santiago Ordoñez-Riaño (Santiago Ordoñez-Riaño); Sanja Batić Očovaj (Sanja Batić Očovaj); Sandersan Onie (Sandersan Onie); Samuel Lins (Samuel Lins); Theresa Biberauer (Theresa Biberauer); Sami Çoksan (Sami Çoksan); Sakda Khumkom (Sakda Khumkom); Asli Sacakli (Asli Sacakli); Susana Ruiz-Fernández (Susana Ruiz-Fernández); Sandra J. Geiger (Sandra J. Geiger); Saeideh FatahModares (Saeideh FatahModares); Radoslaw B. Walczak (Radoslaw B. Walczak); Ruben Betlehem (Ruben Betlehem); Roosevelt Vilar (Roosevelt Vilar); Rodrigo Cárcamo (Rodrigo Cárcamo); Robert M. Ross (Robert M. Ross); Randy McCarthy (Randy McCarthy); Tonia Ballantyne (Tonia Ballantyne); Erin C. Westgate (Erin C. Westgate); Richard M. Ryan (Richard M. Ryan); Rafael Gargurevich (Rafael Gargurevich); Reza Afhami (Reza Afhami); Dongning Ren (Dongning Ren); Renan P. Monteiro (Renan P. Monteiro); Ulf-Dietrich Reips (Ulf-Dietrich Reips); Niv Reggev (Niv Reggev); Robert J. Calin-Jageman (Robert J. Calin-Jageman); Razieh Pourafshari (Razieh Pourafshari); Raquel Oliveira (Oliveira, R.); Mina Nedelcheva-Datsova (Mina Nedelcheva-Datsova); Rima-Maria Rahal (Rima-Maria Rahal); Rafael R. Ribeiro (Ribeiro, R. R.); Theda Radtke (Theda Radtke); Rachel Searston (Rachel Searston); Rachadaporn Jai-ai (Rachadaporn Jai-ai); Redeate Habte (Redeate Habte); Przemysław Zdybek (Przemysław Zdybek); Sau-Chin Chen (Sau-Chin Chen); Piyaorn Wajanatinapart (Piyaorn Wajanatinapart); Princess Lovella G. Maturan (Princess Lovella G. Maturan); Jennifer T. Perillo (Jennifer T. Perillo); Peder Mortvedt Isager (Peder Mortvedt Isager); Pavol Kačmár (Pavol Kačmár); Paulo Manuel Macapagal (Paulo Manuel Macapagal); Michael R. Maniaci (Michael R. Maniaci); Paulina Szwed (Paulina Szwed); Paul H. P. Hanel (Paul H. P. Hanel); Paul A. G. Forbes (Paul A. G. Forbes); Patrícia Arriaga (Arriaga, P.); Bastien Paris (Bastien Paris); Neha Parashar (Neha Parashar); Konstantinos Papachristopoulos (Konstantinos Papachristopoulos); Pablo Sebastián Correa (Pablo Sebastián Correa); Ondřej Kácha (Ondřej Kácha); Márcia Bernardo (Márcia Bernardo); Olatz Campos (Olatz Campos); Olalla Niño Bravo (Olalla Niño Bravo); Oscar J. Galindo-Caballero (Oscar J. Galindo-Caballero); Chisom Esther Ogbonnaya (Chisom Esther Ogbonnaya); Olga Bialobrzeska (Olga Bialobrzeska); Natalia Kiselnikova (Natalia Kiselnikova); Nicolle Simonovic (Nicolle Simonovic); Noga Cohen (Noga Cohen); Nora L. Nock (Nora L. Nock); Alejandrina Hernandez (Alejandrina Hernandez); Cecilie Thogersen-Ntoumani (Cecilie Thogersen-Ntoumani); Nikos Ntoumanis (Nikos Ntoumanis); Niklas Johannes (Niklas Johannes); Nihan Albayrak-Aydemir (Nihan Albayrak-Aydemir); Nicolas Say (Nicolas Say); Andreas B. Neubauer (Andreas B. Neubauer); Neil I. Martin (Neil I. Martin); Neil Levy (Neil Levy); Nathan Torunsky (Nathan Torunsky); Natasha van Antwerpen (Natasha van Antwerpen); Natalia Van Doren (Natalia Van Doren); Naoyuki Sunami (Naoyuki Sunami); Nikolay R. Rachev (Nikolay R. Rachev); Nadyanna M. Majeed (Nadyanna M. Majeed); Nadya-Daniela Schmidt (Nadya-Daniela Schmidt); Khaoula Nadif (Khaoula Nadif); Nadia S. Corral-Frías (Nadia S. Corral-Frías); Nihal Ouherrou (Nihal Ouherrou); Nida Abbas (Nida Abbas); Myrto Pantazi (Myrto Pantazi); Marc Y. Lucas (Marc Y. Lucas); Martin R. Vasilev (Martin R. Vasilev); María Victoria Ortiz (María Victoria Ortiz); Muhammad Mussaffa Butt (Muhammad Mussaffa Butt); Murathan Kurfalı (Murathan Kurfalı); Muhib Kabir (Muhib Kabir); Rafał Muda (Rafał Muda); María del Carmen MC Tejada Rivera (María del Carmen MC Tejada Rivera); Miroslav Sirota (Miroslav Sirota); Martin Seehuus (Martin Seehuus); Michal Parzuchowski (Michal Parzuchowski); Mónica Toro (Mónica Toro); Monika Hricova (Monika Hricova); Mónica Alarcón Maldonado (Mónica Alarcón Maldonado); Panagiotis Rentzelas (Panagiotis Rentzelas); Maarten Vansteenkiste (Maarten Vansteenkiste); Molly A. Metz (Molly A. Metz); Magdalena Marszalek (Magdalena Marszalek); Maria Karekla (Maria Karekla); Giovanna Mioni (Giovanna Mioni); Minke Jasmijn Bosma (Minke Jasmijn Bosma); Minja Westerlund (Minja Westerlund); Milica Vdovic (Milica Vdovic); Michal Bialek (Michal Bialek); Miguel A. Silan (Miguel A. Silan); Michele Anne (Michele Anne); Michal Misiak (Michal Misiak); Maria C. Gugliandolo (Maria C. Gugliandolo); Maurice Grinberg (Maurice Grinberg); Mariagrazia Capizzi (Mariagrazia Capizzi); Mauricio F. Espinoza Barría (Barría, M.F.E.); Merve A. Kurfali (Kurfali, M.A); Michael C. Mensink (Mensink, M.C.); Mikayel Harutyunyan (Harutyunyan, M.); Meetu Khosla (Khosla, M.); Megan R. Dunn (Dunn, M.R.); Max Korbmacher (Korbmacher, M.); Matúš Adamkovič (Adamkovič, M.); Ribeiro, M.F.F. (Ribeiro, M.F.F.); Maria Terskova (Terskova,M.); Matej Hruška (Hruška, M.); Marcel Martončik (Martončik, M.); Martine Jansen (Jansen, M.); Martin Voracek (Voracek, M.); Martin Čadek (Čadek, M.); Martha Frias-Armenta (Frias-Armenta, M.); Marta Kowal (Kowal, M.); et al.
Título Revista
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Ano
2022
Língua
Inglês
País
Estados Unidos da América
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N.º de citações: 9

(Última verificação: 2022-06-25 16:53)

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Abstract/Resumo
Finding communication strategies that effectively motivate social distancing continues to be a global public health priority during the COVID-19 pandemic. This cross-country, preregistered experiment (n = 25,718 from 89 countries) tested hypotheses concerning generalizable positive and negative outcomes of social distancing messages that promoted personal agency and reflective choices (i.e., an autonomy-supportive message) or were restrictive and shaming (i.e. a controlling message) compared to no message at all. Results partially supported experimental hypotheses in that the controlling message increased controlled motivation (a poorly-internalized form of motivation relying on shame, guilt, and fear of social consequences) relative to no message. On the other hand, the autonomy-supportive message lowered feelings of defiance compared to the controlling message, but the controlling message did not differ from receiving no message at all. Unexpectedly, messages did not influence autonomous motivation (a highly-internalized form of motivation relying on one’s core values) or behavioral intentions. Results supported hypothesized associations between people’s existing autonomous and controlled motivations and self-reported behavioral intentions to engage in social distancing: Controlled motivation was associated with more defiance and less long-term behavioral intentions to engage in social distancing, whereas autonomous motivation was associated with less defiance and more short- and long-term intentions to social distance. Overall, this work highlights the potential harm of using shaming and pressuring language in public health communication, with implications for the current and future global health challenges.
Agradecimentos/Acknowledgements
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Palavras-chave
Behavior change,Motivation,Health communication,COVID-19,Self-determination theory
  • Psicologia - Ciências Sociais

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