Artigo em revista científica Q2
A randomized trial of the close reading and creative writing program: an alternative educational method for adult group care intervention in type 2 diabetes management
Francisco Sobral do Rosário (Do Rosário, F. S.); Diana V. Almeida (Almeida, D. V.); Jorge Oliveira (Oliveira, J.); Maria Lima (Lima, M. L.); João Filipe Raposo (Raposo, J. F.);
Título Revista
Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Ano
2020
Língua
Inglês
País
Canadá
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Abstract/Resumo
Objectives: Group care for individuals with diabetes is a recognized educational practice, but techniques from narrative medicine using of literary works have never been incorporated in these programs. We designed a new educational model (i.e. the Close Reading and Creative Writing program) of group care for individuals with diabetes incorporating close reading and creative writing in group education. A randomized trial was designed to evaluate this intervention. Methods: A total of 49 individuals with type 2 diabetes, aged <85 years and with >6 years of school education, were randomized to 2 different group care dynamics: (a) a “control group,” with a classical structured educational approach currently used at our institution; and (b) an “intervention group,” with introduction of literary texts, narrative skills, close reading and creative writing. Evaluation included anthropometric measures, glycated hemoglobin (A1C) and questionnaires for psychological evaluation. Individual A1C levels in the 6-year period before the trial were collected from clinical records. Results: A significant reduction of A1C was observed in the intervention group, showing noninferiority in relation to the classical approach. A significant decrease in A1C was observed in relation to the 6 previous years. A significant increase in satisfaction with the therapist and group process was observed. Conclusions: This is the first randomized trial designed to evaluate a group care intervention to manage type 2 diabetes using narrative techniques. The results suggest that this may be a useful model for more highly schooled individuals, and may represent an alternative for the educational process.
Agradecimentos/Acknowledgements
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Palavras-chave
Diabetes,Education,Group care,Narrative medicine,Randomized trial
  • Ciências Biológicas - Ciências Naturais
  • Medicina Clínica - Ciências Médicas
  • Outras Ciências Médicas - Ciências Médicas
Registos de financiamentos
Referência de financiamento Entidade Financiadora
UIDB/03125/2020 Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia

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