Artigo em revista científica Q1
Associations between music training and cognitive abilities: The special case of professional musicians
Margherita Vincenzi (Vincenzi, M.); Ana Isabel Correia (Correia, A. I.); Patrícia Vanzella (Vanzella, P.); Ana Pinheiro (Pinheiro, A. ); César Lima (Lima, C. F.); Edward Schellenberg (Schellenberg, E.);
Título Revista
Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts
Ano (publicação definitiva)
N/A
Língua
Inglês
País
Estados Unidos da América
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Abstract/Resumo
We sought to clarify the commonly accepted link between music training and cognitive ability. Professional musicians, nonprofessionals with music training, and musically untrained individuals (N = 642) completed measures of musical ability, personality, and general cognitive ability. Professional musicians scored highest on objective and self-report measures of musical ability. On personality measures, professional musicians and musically trained participants scored similarly but higher than untrained participants on agreeableness, openness-to-experience, and the personality metatrait stability. The professionals scored higher than the other 2 groups on extraversion and the metatrait engagement. On cognitive ability, however, they were indistinguishable from untrained participants. Instead, musically trained nonprofessionals exhibited the highest cognitive ability. In short, professional musicians differed from other individuals in musical ability and personality, but not in cognitive ability. We conclude that music training predicts higher cognitive ability only among individuals who do not become professional musicians and offer possible explanations.
Agradecimentos/Acknowledgements
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Palavras-chave
Music,Training,Cognition,Personality,Learning
  • Psicologia - Ciências Sociais
  • Artes - Humanidades
Registos de financiamentos
Referência de financiamento Entidade Financiadora
PTDC/PSI-GER/28274/2017 Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
UIDB/03125/2020 Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia