Artigo em revista científica Q1
Contesting political decisions involving environmental issues: A case study in Portugal based on the press about offshore oil and gas drilling
Bruno Pinto (Pinto, B.); Paula Castro (Castro, P.);
Título Revista
Frontiers in Marine Science
Ano
2021
Língua
Inglês
País
Suíça
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Abstract/Resumo
This paper presents a case study about the drilling of offshore oil and gas in mainland Portugal, a process that ended with the cancelation of all contracts. It aimed to better understand the argumentative and value dynamics involved in how municipalities, populations, civic organizations, and others successfully contested the central government decision of prospection. Since the press was one of the main stages for this conflict, it was important to analyze how it presented the respective arguments to society. Articles on this topic were collected from the two widely read national newspapers “Correio da Manhã” and “Público” in the culmination period of this confrontation, which occurred between June 2016 and December 2018. In total, 155 articles were found, 61.3% (n = 95) from “Público” and 38.7% (n = 60) from “Correio da Manhã.” The quantitative analysis focused on the number of news per month and the frequency of themes, as well as the frequency of actors and arguments used against and in favor of exploitation on the news. Thematic analysis was used to qualitatively assess the articulation of arguments in the two opposing views. Results show that, in both newspapers, the majority of articles focused on the positions and actions of those opposing prospection, as the Government and other actors in favor of drilling were much less active in presenting its arguments. Overall, the analysis suggests two different strategies: (a) a strong argumentative synergy between a wide range of actors against offshore prospection. Their concerted arguments defended multiple values, including public participation in political decisions, protecting local communities and places from environmental risks, countering climate change, and protecting local economic activities. (b) The Government was usually isolated in its arguments with the occasional exception of oil companies or representatives of the national industry. The scarce arguments used by these actors evoked mostly national economic values, with little engagement with other societal goals. This study suggests that the large mobilization of different sectors of society, their use of a convergent and wide range of arguments, and the lack of engagement of the Government in a dialogical argumentation were crucial to delegitimize the latter’s political decision.
Agradecimentos/Acknowledgements
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Palavras-chave
Local impacts,Climate change,Public protests,Fossil fuels,Collective action
  • Ciências da Terra e do Ambiente - Ciências Naturais
  • Ciências Biológicas - Ciências Naturais
  • Engenharia do Ambiente - Engenharia e Tecnologia
  • Agricultura, Silvicultura e Pescas - Ciências Agrárias
Registos de financiamentos
Referência de financiamento Entidade Financiadora
UIDB/04292/2020 Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
UIDB/03125/2020 Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
CEECIND/03059/2017 Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia

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