Artigo em revista científica
Framing symbolic representation: exploring how women’s political presence shapes citizens’ political attitudes
Tània Verge (Verge, T.); Nina Wiesehomeier (Wiesehomeier, N.); Ana Espírito-Santo (Espírito-Santo, Ana);
Título Revista
European Journal of Politics and Gender
Ano
2019
Língua
Inglês
País
Reino Unido
Mais Informação
Abstract/Resumo
Research on whether descriptive representation enhances the legitimacy of, closeness to and satisfaction with political institutions, as well as levels of political engagement, has produced mixed results. This may be caused by the empirical and methodological challenges underpinning this inquiry, like reverse causation and endogeneity. To overcome such constraints, we use a framing experiment embedded in nationally representative online surveys in Spain and Portugal. We show that symbolic effects on women’s political engagement and system evaluation are fundamentally driven by perceptions of a heightened gender balance in political institutions, even when barriers to access on equal terms or gendered portrayals of women politicians’ competency are presented to respondents. Male citizens also evaluate the system more positively with frames referencing a more level political field, even when women politicians are depicted as not sufficiently prepared. Raising awareness of gains made in women’s descriptive representation is thus instrumental to positive symbolic effects.
Agradecimentos/Acknowledgements
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Palavras-chave
Symbolic representation,Descriptive representation,Political attitudes,Survey experiments,Framing,Gendered mediation
Registos de financiamentos
Referência de financiamento Entidade Financiadora
FEM2013-45719-P Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Spain)
UID/SOC/03126/2013 Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
PTDC/IVC-CPO/4088/2012P Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia