Capítulo de livro
“Modernity and Colonization in an African Megacity: The Case of Luanda”,
Ana Vaz Milheiro (Milheiro, A. V.);
Título Livro
The Routledge handbook of planning megacities in the Global Sout
Ano
2020
Língua
Inglês
País
Estados Unidos da América
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Abstract/Resumo
An example of a book-chapter published in peer-reviewed editions as a result of research projects or participation in research groups. This chapter, written upon invitation of Prof. D. Rukmana, Alabama A&M University, exemplifies part of the research and writing processes accomplished over five months, as a fellow of the Israel Institute for Advanced Studies, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, within the scope of the research group "Re-theorizing the Architecture of Housing as Grounds for Research and Practice". The chapter describes and analyses late colonial housing production in the development of Luanda and its current repercussions on the design of the city. The Republic of Angola has an area of 1,246,700 sq. km and an estimated population of 28,728,193 in 2018, of which roughly one-third live in the province of Luanda. The history of the city places its foundation in 1575, with the second arrival of the Portuguese explorer Paulo Dias de Novais (ca. 1510-89) to the territory. Novais was also the Governor of Angola who was responsible for establishing the country’s capital in the city, then known as São Paulo de Loanda, as opposed to on the island of Luanda, which was the first choice but was abandoned as it did not present the geo-morphological conditions considered ideal by Portuguese town planners at the time. The settlement of the city that was begun in the 16th century benefited from several unique qualities: an exceptional natural port and a bay protected by the aforementioned island. The São Miguel hill (originally given the name of São Paulo hill) constituted a natural barrier to the southeast, guaranteeing protection from the Savannah and possible attacks from indigenous peoples. The dichotomy of the low-lying city/high city, which was used to describe Portuguese-generated human settlements ever since Portuguese architecture set out to define its own identity in the sphere of international historiography (Alves Costa, 1994; Rossa, 2002), found in the morphology of Luanda the ideal context for its application. Angola achieved independence on 11 November 1975, at the end of the liberation war that began 14 years earlier and after four centuries of Portuguese occupation. During this brief period, the modernization of the territory leveraged by the late colonial economy was to have a profound impact on the modern-day urban landscape.
Agradecimentos/Acknowledgements
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Palavras-chave
Luanda,Megacities,Colonial Architecture,Urbanism
  • Outras Humanidades - Humanidades

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