Transformation Grammars
Transformation Grammars
Descrição

The future of the real estate market in Europe requires the rehabilitation of existing residential areas in order to respond to new life-styles and dwelling requirements.

In this research both shape grammar and space syntax are used as part of a rehabilitation methodology as tools to identify and encode the principles and rules behind the adaptation of existing houses to new requirements. (Eloy, 2012) In addition to defining a general methodology applicable to all the building types, the study focused on a specific type, called “rabo-de-bacalhau” (“cod-tail”), built in Lisbon between 1945 and 1965 for which a specific methodology was generated.

Ongoing work focuses on the generalization of the transformation grammar using the same general framework of rules and integrating specificities of different building types (Eloy and Duarte, 2012), the development of tools to generate functional programmes (Pedroso et al, 2014) and the development of tools to automate the design layouts (Strobbe et al, 2016). The development of a general transformation grammar would enable the rehabilitation of various types of housing buildings.

An architectural challenge, such as the large-scale refurbishment of existent housing stocks, that require too much design efforts to be logistically or economically feasible, can be addressed by a stand-alone generative system such as shape grammars. Considering of design solutions achieve by the transformation grammar, there is evidence that those refurbishment designs have the same architectural quality as designs done by human architects (Eloy and Vermaas 2014b). This design tool could be made available as a web tool directly to the apartment inhabitants and therefore enabling them to define their own house (Eloy and Vermaas 2014a).

Recent work focus on the transformations performed by inhabitants in existing housing settlements and how can shape grammar can be a tool to both assure design quality and enable co-design (Eloy, Dias, Vermaas, 2018). 

Parceiros Internos
Centro de Investigação Grupo de Investigação Papel no Projeto Data de Início Data de Fim
ISTAR-IUL Digital Living Spaces Parceiro 2014-01-01 2018-12-31
Parceiros Externos
Instituição País Papel no Projeto Data de Início Data de Fim
Ghent University of Technology (Ghent ) Bélgica Parceiro 2014-01-01 2018-12-31
Delft University of Technolog (Delft) Países Baixos (Holanda) Parceiro 2014-01-01 2018-12-31
Equipa de Projeto
Nome Afiliação Papel no Projeto Data de Início Data de Fim
José Duarte ISTAR-IUL [Digital Living Spaces] Investigador 2017-12-01 2018-12-31
Marina Alexandra Pedro Andrade ISTAR-IUL [Complexity and Computational Modelling] Investigadora 2018-01-17 2018-12-31
Pieter Vermaas ISTAR-IUL [Digital Living Spaces] Investigador 2017-12-30 2018-12-31
Sara Eloy ISTAR-IUL [Digital Living Spaces] Coordenadora Local 2014-01-01 2018-12-31
Financiamentos do Projeto
Código/Referência Tipo de Financiamento Entidade Financiadora Programa de Financiamento País Valor Financiado (Global) Valor Financiado (Local) Data de Início Data de Fim
FCT SFRH/BD/18225/2004 Contrato FCT SFRH Portugal 1 1 2014-01-01 2018-12-31
Outputs (Publicações)
Ano Tipo de publicação Referência Completa
2019 Publicação em atas de evento científico Eloy, S. & Vermaas, P. (2019). Design for values in architecture: the question of trade-offs . In Book of abstracts SPT 2019. College Station
2018 Artigo em revista científica Eloy, S., Vermaas, P. E. & Andrade, M. A. P. (2018). The quality of designs by shape grammar systems and architects: a comparative test on refurbishing Lisbon’s Rabo-de-Bacalhau apartments. Journal of Architecture and Planning Research. 34 (4), 271-294
2018 Publicação em atas de evento científico Eloy, S., Dias, M. A. & Vermaas, P. E. (2018). User-centered shape grammars for housing transformations: towards post-handover grammars. In XXII Congresso Internacional da Sociedade Iberoamericana de Gráfica Digital. São Paulo: Universidade de São Paulo.
2018 Comunicação em evento científico Vermaas, P. (2018). Architects design life. Aulas abertas Projeto Final de Arquitetura, Mestrado Integrado em Arquitetura.
2017 Publicação em atas de evento científico Eloy, S. & Vermaas, P. (2017). Over-the-counter housing design: the city when the gap between architects and laypersons narrows. In SPT 2017: The Grammar of Things.
2017 Publicação em atas de evento científico Vermaas, P. & Eloy, S. (2017). Grammar and Quality: Assessing the Design Quality of Grammar-System Generated Architecture. In Proceedings of the SPT 2017: The Grammar of Things. (pp. 68-69). Darmstadt
2017 Publicação em atas de evento científico Vermaas, P. & Eloy, S. (2017). Design for values in the city: exploring shape grammar systems. In Philosophy of the City conference. Porto
2017 Comunicação em evento científico Vermaas, P. & Eloy, S. (2017). Grammar and Quality: Assessing the Design Quality of Grammar-System Generated Architecture. Proceedings of the SPT 2017: The Grammar of Things.
2017 Comunicação em evento científico Eloy, S. & Vermaas, P. (2017). Over-the-counter housing design: the city when the gap between architects and laypersons narrows. SPT 2017: The Grammar of Things.
2016 Artigo em revista científica Strobbe, T., Eloy, S., Pauwels, P., Verstraeten, R., De Meyer, R. & Campenhout, J. V. (2016). A graph-theoretic implementation of the Rabo-de-Bacalhau transformation grammar. Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing. 30 (2), 138-158
2015 Artigo em revista científica Eloy, S. & Duarte, J. P. (2015). A transformation-grammar-based methodology for the adaptation of existing housetypes: the case of the ‘rabo-de-bacalhau’. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design. 42 (5), 775-800
2015 Comunicação em evento científico Eloy, S. (2015). A transformation grammar-based methodology for housing refurbishment. Design and Computation Group Open day.
2015 Comunicação em evento científico Eloy, S. (2015). Transformation Grammar for housing rehabilitation. UC de Gramáticas de Forma.
2014 Artigo em revista científica Eloy, S. & Duarte, J. P. (2014). Inferring a shape grammar: translating designer's knowledge. Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing. 28 (2), 153-168
2014 Artigo em revista científica Eloy, S. (2014). Rabo-de-Bacalhau building type morphology: data to a transformation grammar-based methodology for housing rehabilitation. arq.urb - Revista eletrônica de Arquitetura e Urbanismo. 11 (1º sem.), 31-47
2014 Capítulo de livro Eloy, S. & Duarte, J. (2014). A transformation grammar-based methodology for housing rehabilitation. In John S. Gero (Ed.), Design Computing and Cognition ’12. (pp. 301-320). Netherlands: Springer Netherlands.
2012 Publicação em atas de evento científico Eloy, S. & Duarte, J. P. (2012). Transformation grammar for housing rehabilitation: from a specific to a general grammar. In 30th International Conference on Education and research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, eCAADe 2012. (pp. 471-478). Prague: eCAADe.
2012 Publicação em atas de evento científico Eloy, S. & Duarte, J. (2012). A transformation grammar-based methodology for housing rehabilitation. In 5th International Conference on Design Computing and Cognition. (pp. 0-0). College Station, EUA
2012 Publicação em atas de evento científico Eloy, S. (2012). A methodology for housing rehabilitation: the case of rabo-de-bacalhau building type. In 2nd PNUM - Urban Morphology in Portuguese Speaking Countries. (pp. 0-0). Lisboa
2012 Comunicação em evento científico Eloy, S. & Duarte, J. (2012). A transformation grammar-based methodology for housing rehabilitation. 5th International Conference on Design Computing and Cognition.
2012 Comunicação em evento científico Eloy, S. (2012). A methodology for housing rehabilitation: the case of rabo-de-bacalhau. 2nd PNUM - Urban Morphology in Portuguese Speaking Countries.
2012 Tese de Doutoramento Eloy, S. (2012). A transformation grammar-based methodology for housing rehabilitation: meeting contemporary functional and ICT requirements.
2011 Artigo em revista científica Eloy, S. & Duarte, J. (2011). A transformation grammar for housing rehabilitation. Nexus Network Journal. 13 (1), 49-71
2011 Publicação em atas de evento científico Eloy, S. (2011). Strategies for Housing Rehabilitation in the search for mixing generations and family types. An approach based on a transformation grammar. In Nico Nieboer, Sasha Tsenkova, andré Thomsen and Vicent Gruis (Ed.), 23rd ENHR Conference ? ?Mixité?: and urban and housing issue?. (pp. 0-0). Toulouse: online.
2011 Comunicação em evento científico Eloy, S. (2011). An application of Shape Grammar to Housing Rehabilitation Transformation Grammar. Talk at FAUTL as part of the PhD in Architecture programme Shape Grammar curriculum unit.
2011 Comunicação em evento científico Eloy, S. (2011). Strategies for Housing Rehabilitation in the search for mixing generations and family types. An approach based on a transformation grammar. Workshop 11 ? Housing Regeneration and Maintenance at 23rd ENHR Conference ? ?Mixité?: and urban and housing issue?.
Outputs (Outros)

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Ficheiros do projeto

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Transformation Grammars
2004-01-01
2019-12-31