This study examines the mediating role of manufacturing flexibility in the relationship between knowledge creation, technological turbulence, and performance. In an increasingly competitive and changing environment, firms need to boost their technological and management know-how to adequately develop manufacturing flexibility.
The study analyzes survey data collected from 370 manufacturing firms. Validity and reliability analyses were conducted using SPSS and Amos. The research hypotheses were tested using covariance-based structural equation modeling.
The main findings show that knowledge creation positively and significantly affects business and operational performances directly, and indirectly, through manufacturing flexibility. Moreover, technological turbulence has a positive and significant effect on it. This finding contributes to understanding why some firms get better outcomes from manufacturing flexibility than others, a disputed issue in the literature.
This study highlights the need for manufacturing firms to foster cultures of knowledge creation, to better educate and train employees, and to develop other instruments of knowledge creation.
This study makes several contributions to manufacturing flexibility literature: (i) establishing a link between technological turbulence and knowledge creation develop manufacturing flexibility; (ii) add empirical evidence on the relation between manufacturing flexibility and performance; (iii) contributes to consolidating the mediation role of manufacturing flexibility in the relations between knowledge creation and business performance, as studies focusing on such a role are scarce in the literature.