Artigo em revista científica
Generalization of classic question order effects across cultures
Tobias H. Stark (Stark, T. H.); Henning Silber (Silber, H.); Jon A. Krosnick (Krosnick, J. A.); Annelies G. Blom (Blom, A.G.); Midori Aoyagi (Aoyagi, M.); Ana Maria Belchior (Belchior, A. M.); Michael Bosnjak (Bosnjak, M.); Sanne Lund Clement (Clement, S. L.); Melvin John (John, M.); Guðbjörg Andrea Jónsdóttir (Jónsdóttir, G. A.); Karen Lawson (Lawson, K.); Peter Lynn (Lynn, P.); Johan Martinsson (Martinsson, J.); Ditte Shamshiri-Petersen (Shamshiri-Petersen, D.); Endre Tvinnereim (Tvinnereim, E.); Ruoh-rong Yu (Yu, R.); et al.
Título Revista
Sociological Methods and Research
Ano
2019
Língua
Inglês
País
Estados Unidos da América
Mais Informação
Abstract/Resumo
Questionnaire design is routinely guided by classic experiments on question form, wording, and context conducted decades ago. This article explores whether two question order effects (one due to the norm of evenhandedness and the other due to subtraction or perceptual contrast) appear in surveys of probability samples in the United States and 11 other countries (Canada, Denmark, Germany, Iceland, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Taiwan, and the United Kingdom; N = 25,640). Advancing theory of question order effects, we propose necessary conditions for each effect to occur, and found that the effects occurred in the nations where these necessary conditions were met. Surprisingly, the abortion question order effect even appeared in some countries in which the necessary condition was not met, suggesting that the question order effect there (and perhaps elsewhere) was not due to subtraction or perceptual contrast. The question order effects were not moderated by education. The strength of the effect due to the norm of evenhandedness was correlated with various cultural characteristics of the nations. Strong support was observed for the form-resistant correlation hypothesis.
Agradecimentos/Acknowledgements
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Palavras-chave
Survey methods,Questionnaire design,Question order effects,Cross-cultural,Perceptual contrast
  • Ciências Políticas - Ciências Sociais
Registos de financiamentos
Referência de financiamento Entidade Financiadora
PTDC/IVC-CPO/3921/2012 Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
UID/SOC/03126/2013 Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
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