Impact and capacity Assessment Framework for U-space Societal Acceptance

ImAFUSA focuses on quantifying a variety of understudied factors influencing societal acceptance of UAM in urban, peri-urban and inter-urban areas, especially when these are deployed using U3 and U4 services. The Project will deliver an “Impact and capacity Assessment Framework for U-space Societal Acceptance” (ImAFUSA) to assist Local Authorities and other U-space stakeholders and users with the delivery of socially acceptable and beneficial UAM deployment in cities. The framework and its tools will provide insights into 3 major areas influencing societal acceptance: environmental impact (including noise, visual pollution and air quality), safety and socioeconomic impact (including affordability, accessibility, economic development, public space use and connectivity). In each area, innovative performance indicators will be described while mathematical formulas and algorithms will be developed to quantify them. Data on citizen noise perceptions, perceptions of visual pollution, safety perceptions and overall UAM acceptance will be collected during 3 immersive citizen experiences of UAM applications in the city of Athens, Greece. The usability of the developed indicators will be tested in a simulation environment simulating real future use cases with a varying volume and configuration of movements in U-space.


“We did it “wrong” with cars, we did it “wrong” with planes, let’s do it “right” with drones” is the motto behind this proposal. Imafusa will develop a tool that will allow cities and policy-makers assess the impacts of Urban Air Mobility (UAM) before it is implemented in populated urban areas and monitor the impacts of UAM, optimising constantly how it is deployed in order to reap its benefits without suffering its consequences.


Imafusa deals with the challenging topics of infrastructure, safety, noise, environmental impact, cost, economics, operations, social acceptance and public perception while addressing the most important societal acceptance factors. An “Impact and capacity Assessment Framework for U-space societal Acceptance” (ImAFUSA) will create new knowledge on societal factors and come up with new indicators that measure and monitor UAM impacts and capacity leading to a U-space widely and easily accepted by the public

Impacto Investigação Académica

ImAFUSA is driven by UAM technology potential, oriented towards citizen-centered U-space utilization and focused on the delivery of tools for UAM decision-makers to assess the impact of UAM in their regions and their associated U-space capacity. Unlike the experiences with past ground urban mobility innovations and the lack of proper preparation from the side of Local Authorities that were covered through EU funded projects after the technologies were available, the current landscape is presenting a unique opportunity for Europe to become a pioneer in the sustainable inclusion of UAM in societies catering for all environmental, societal and economic aspects. In this direction ImAFUSA is equipping Local Authorities, air navigation providers, network planners with one integrated framework for the UAM assessment and with 10 tools for the environmental, safety and societal assessment of UAM services.

Parceiros Internos
Centro de Investigação Grupo de Investigação Papel no Projeto Data de Início Data de Fim
BRU-Iscte Grupo de Gestão Parceiro 2023-09-01 2026-02-28
Parceiros Externos
Instituição País Papel no Projeto Data de Início Data de Fim
FUTURE NEEDS MANAGEMENT CONSULTING LTD (Future Needs ) Chipre Parceiro 2023-09-01 2026-02-28
KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLAN (KTH) Suécia Parceiro 2023-09-01 2026-02-28
TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT DELFT (T.U. DELFT) Países Baixos (Holanda) Parceiro 2023-09-01 2026-02-28
AGENTFLY TECHNOLOGIES SRO (AFT) República Checa Parceiro 2023-09-01 2026-02-28
DIMOS EGALEO – MUNICIPALITY OF EGALEO (EGALEO) Grécia Parceiro 2023-09-01 2026-02-28
THE UNIVERSITY OF SALFORD (USAL) Reino Unido Parceiro Associado 2023-09-01 2026-02-28
Equipa de Projeto
Nome Afiliação Papel no Projeto Data de Início Data de Fim
Sofia Kalakou Professora Auxiliar (DMOG); Investigadora Integrada (BRU-Iscte); Coordenadora Global 2023-09-01 2026-02-28
Catarina Marques Professora Associada (DMQGE); Investigadora Integrada (BRU-Iscte); Investigadora 2023-09-01 2026-02-28
Fernando Alberto Freitas Ferreira Professor Catedrático (DMOG); Investigador Integrado (BRU-Iscte); Investigador 2023-09-01 2026-02-28
João Ricardo Paulo Marques Guerreiro Professor Auxiliar (DMOG); Investigador Integrado (BRU-Iscte); Investigador 2023-09-01 2026-02-28
Margarida Santos Assistente de Investigação (BRU-Iscte); Assistente de Investigação 2023-10-01 2026-02-28
Financiamentos do Projeto
Código/Referência DOI do Financiamento Tipo de Financiamento Programa de Financiamento Valor Financiado (Global) Valor Financiado (Local) Data de Início Data de Fim
101114776 -- Contrato European Comission - HORIZON JU Research and Innovation Actions 877207 202437 2023-09-01 2026-02-28
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Com o objetivo de aumentar a investigação direcionada para o cumprimento dos Objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável para 2030 das Nações Unidas, é disponibilizada no Ciência-IUL a possibilidade de associação, quando aplicável, dos projetos científicos aos Objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável. Estes são os Objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável identificados para este projeto. Para uma informação detalhada dos Objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável, clique aqui.

Impact and capacity Assessment Framework for U-space Societal Acceptance